In training, two ways of developing violets from seeds have been used: sowing seeds instantly in the open floor or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter procedure is considered more successful, since when using it, you can get flowering plants in the current calendar year.
To acquire high quality planting substance, sowing seedlings should be carried out from the last decade of February or in March. To execute such actions after mid-spring isn’t advised, because the seeds are stored in the open field in the previous decade of April or in early May.
To prepare the nutrient mixture, ingredients such as garden soil, humus and peat are used. All components have been taken in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
When employing the conventional method of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are created in the nutrient substrate with a pen, the distance between the rows is currently approximately 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are placed in the made holes every two centimeters and covered by dirt. Now, it is crucial to water the plants with water and cover the container with transparent film. Care for seedlings
The first sprouts of pansies generally appear in 7-10 days in the time of sowing. A afterwards sprouting of seeds stems in the cases of:
- The use of planting material;
- in case of filling that the seeds using a thick layer of dirt;
- when utilizing a nutritional supplement of the wrong composition, by way of example, clay soil.
Growing violets from seeds: when to plant, planting and maintenance, species and varieties
At the spring time, the direct rays of sunlight pansies aren’t afraid, therefore containers with seedlings may be put in the southern portion of the apartment. After sprouting, the purple has fairly strong stalks, but this doesn’t imply that you need to immediately get rid of the movie in the container.
Viola needs a fantastic watering, however moistening the soil ought to be carried out since the top layer dries out. To carry out such measures, it is worth using melt or rain water. Normal tap water must preferably stand for 2-3 days. Plants are frightened of overwatering, as a higher concentration of water in the soil can cause rotting of the flower roots. Picking up violets
Transplant young plants to new containers should be if the first two leaves are formed. Pansies aren’t afraid of transplanting, they take root at a fresh nutritious substrate even with minor damage to the immune system, which sometimes happens when the plant is taken out of the container. Such violets are a little slower in growth, however, the general performance isn’t affected.
To have a quality healthy flower, such civilizations when selecting in a fresh container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will give an opportunity to find additional origins on the underground part of the stemcells. Pruning
This kind of occasion as stem pruning allows you to achieve a better tillering of this civilization. Such steps are carried out after the appearance of 5-6 true leaves.
Planting of backyard violets at a permanent location is contingent on the climatic features of a particular area. Such activities should be carried out with the onset of warm warm weather in the last ten years of April or at the initial days of May. For planting the blossom allocate a well sunlit area.
After digging the dirt for every planting hole, add crushed charcoal at medium fraction of 200 g and also the identical amount of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils consisting of peat, humus and sod soil in equal proportions with the addition of half of the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent location, ready seedlings are set on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk into the formerly dug holes covered with soil. Then compact the soil round the bushes moyakovka.ru and water the plants with warm water. When developing garden violets, it’s necessary to divide the bushes from the plantings every three years.
Not every gardener may wish to take care of the farming of pansies seedlings, because it’s quite a troublesome job. In this aspect, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the ground. Such operations must be carried out in late May or early June. In this case, the flowering of violets will start in late summer or in September. To acquire the flowering of the culture the next calendar year, in spring, the seeds should be sown in August.